Carbon Neutral Technology, Seizing the historic opportunity of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, promoting the “green recovery” of the world economy after the epidemic, and bringing together a strong synergy of sustainable development has formed a broad consensus in Chinese society.
Carbon Neutral Technology, At the annual meeting of the International Union for Science and Technology Communication (IUSTC) held on December 21, a report “Science and Technology Supports the Global Road to Carbon Neutrality – The World is planned by Science and Technology Daily and supported by data from Clarivate Analytics” was released. Carbon Neutral Technology Development Report 2021 Climate Change report.
The report conducts a multi-dimensional search on the basic research on climate change in the world over the past 20 years, introduces the publication trend of scientific research papers on climate change, focus on key themes, international cooperation, etc. Important role in achieving global Carbon Neutral Technology can help.
The guests at the meeting made a professional interpretation of the report: on the one hand, combined with the report, they carried out mesoscopic analysis of disciplinary research and technology trends, on the other hand, they put forward relevant suggestions for international cooperation on climate change.
The total number of scientific papers on climate change in mainland China ranks second in the world.
Over the past 100 years, scientific papers on climate change have continued to grow. Especially in the past 20 years, papers published during this period accounted for 95% of the total number of papers related to climate change, and compared with the increase in the overall number of papers included in the database, such research growth is more rapid. “Carbon Neutral Technology”
In most countries and regions, the growth rate of paper output accelerated after 2010. As early as 2006, the output of related papers in the United States has grown rapidly. Papers related to mainland China began to increase significantly after 2012, but the growth rate was the fastest.
In 2014, the number of papers surpassed that of the United Kingdom and gradually narrowed the gap with the United States. As of 2020, the total number of relevant papers in mainland China ranks second in the world.
Xu Zhilong, editor-in-chief of Science and Technology Daily, believes that the global scientific and technological community has a deep understanding of climate change based on scientific research perspectives and historical dimensions. He inspected the basic research and frontier hotspots related to global climate change based on bibliometric methods, and reached a consensus on helping all levels of society, has a significant persuasive power help the Carbon Neutral Technology.
China and the United States are each other’s largest partners in climate change research, In terms of research related to climate change on a global scale, both international and local cooperation, the output of scientific research is growing steadily.
By 2020, the number of international collaborative papers on climate change and Carbon Neutral Technology has reached 40%.
In climate change-related research, China and the United States are each other’s largest partners. In the past 20 years, scientific research institutions in mainland China and the United States have published 7,155 papers in cooperation with the United States. The number of collaborative papers has increased year by year, from 13 in 2001 to 1,305 in 2020.
China also has frequent cooperation with Europe. Half of the top 10 countries that cooperate with mainland China the most are from Europe. Mainland China is also the second largest partner of the 28 European countries, and the United States is the country with the most cooperation among the 28 European countries.
China and ASEAN countries have only started cooperation in climate change-related research in 2003. Among ASEAN countries, Singapore has the most cooperation with Mainland China, with 291 articles.
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The United States is the largest partner of ASEAN countries in climate change-related research, followed by Australia and the United Kingdom, and mainland China ranks fourth. “Carbon Neutral Technology”
Scientific and technological achievements such as adaptive research enable the achievement of carbon neutrality goals.
Zheng Dawei, a professor at China Agricultural University, said that mitigation and adaptation are equally important as the two basic countermeasures to address the challenge of climate change, which has become the consensus of the international community.
The realization of carbon neutrality is inseparable from the support of science and technology. “Global climate governance under the framework of multilateralism to promote green and low-carbon technology innovation and application deployment will become an important part of global climate cooperation. Major scientific and technological innovation research and development, storage, deployment and large-scale promotion and application in key areas determine global climate governance capabilities.
About Carbon Neutral Technology, Zhuang Guiyang, deputy director of the Institute of Ecological Civilization, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said, “In the future, the strategic role of deep emission reduction or zero emission technology, negative emission technology and geo-engineering technology in the future global emission reduction pattern will attract much attention.”
From the perspective of the formation mechanism of the dual-carbon goal and the collaborative governance of human health, Huang Cunrui, a professor at the Vanke School of Public Health and Health of Tsinghua University, put forward suggestions on achieving carbon neutrality.
He said: “We need to fully understand and appreciate the close linkages between climate policy, air quality, lifestyles and public health to provide key catalysts for climate change mitigation and adaptation actions.
In addition, there is an urgent need to integrate health into climate decision-making processes, taking fully into account the potential health impacts and co-benefits of climate policies and institutions to develop more cost-effective and socially acceptable Carbon Neutral Technology routes.”
Climate issues urgently require international cooperation within a multilateral framework.
The road to global carbon neutrality is inseparable from closer international scientific and technological cooperation.
Regarding the future direction of international cooperation, Zhong Ping, a member of the UN Climate Technology Center and Network Advisory Committee and a researcher at the China Agenda 21 Management Center, emphasized that we should determine the direction, increase investment, and carry out more research and development for carbon neutral technology solutions.
Carry out more interdisciplinary and cross-field international scientific and technological cooperation to promote green and low-carbon transformation at the global level with faster speed, shorter time and lower cost.
Zhuang Guiyang pointed out: “A single tree does not make a forest, and the climate issue urgently needs international cooperation under a multilateral framework.” He believes that it must be clear that the natural risks brought about by climate change are increasing, systematic, and spatially differentiated.
Atmospheric governance has obvious public goods attributes. Therefore, enhanced international cooperation is essential to achieve Carbon Neutral Technology.
“Humanity is a community with a shared future, and it is difficult for all countries in the world to face the climate crisis alone. The public health and biosecurity risks caused by climate change are global and public, and require the cooperation of governments and the scientific community.” Huang Cunrui Said about Carbon Neutral Technology importance.