Energy transformation to renewable energy has become one of the focus issues in various countries and regions around the world, But if we want to find a relatively successful case country in energy transformation, we have to mention Uruguay in South America.
At present, the types of new energy widely used include non-fossil energy such as hydropower, solar energy and wind energy. Uruguay’s energy transformation wind power technology has been recognized by countries and regions around the world. Therefore, Uruguay’s successful cases in energy transformation and new energy layout have been listed as a reference case for the application of global wind power technology.
So how does Uruguay, a developing country, make its wind power technology competitive globally?
How does Uruguay become a power technology power force in wind power?
Background of energy change in Uruguay
At the end of the 20th century, Uruguay’s electricity energy mainly came from hydropower, but from 1997 to 2007, Uruguay suffered from nearly 10 consecutive years of drought. Due to the serious shortage of electricity generated by hydropower, Uruguay’s energy mode has also shifted to fossil energy. However, the large import of fossil energy, the increasing financial burden, and excessive reliance on imported fossil energy will also make Uruguay’s economy more affected by changes in globalized fossil energy.
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Measures for energy change in Uruguay
- In 2007, Uruguay first formulated the first five-year plan of the Uruguayan Wind Energy Plan. The start-up fund of the Uruguay Wind Energy Plan then received $1 million from the United Nations Global Environment Facility, plus $6 million from the national budget, thus opening the change of Uruguay’s Plan.
- The Uruguayan government has strengthened government participation and supervision in the implementation of the Plan, expanded the scope of competitive bidding mechanisms for wind power projects; set fixed electricity prices to prevent private power production companies from bidding up electricity prices; state-owned power companies are responsible for purchasing electricity for all renewable energy.
- In the face of the new technology of wind power generation, the National Electric Power Company of Uruguay first developed a new wind power demonstration site for the study of professional and technical personnel in the industry; secondly, the University of the Republic of Uruguay has set up a special concentration in renewable energy technology to cultivate more professional talents and reserve technical backbone; and finally, the country was transferred. Technical talents of power companies form publicity and training teams to explain professional wind power technology knowledge and predict wind power development risks to private developers and investors.
Since the implementation of the Uruguay Wind Energy Plan, Uruguay has maintained two world records in wind power technology and ranked fifth in the world in terms of national clean energy investment in GDP, so that Uruguay’s per capita installed wind power capacity is also among the top in the world.
In terms of the proportion of national power generation energy structure in Uruguay, wind power generation accounts for 17%. And by 2020, 97% of Uruguay’s electricity energy comes from renewable energy. This is undoubtedly a successful case of energy transformation, but for us who are just starting wind power, it is worth learning from experience and learning from methods.
Some other countries following the model of renewable energy as main energy transformation which sure will help them make sustainable Economic plans such as Germany, Denmark, Norway and Egypt.
As we touch the results of Global warming results , floods, high temperatures and more look at West Germany, Belgium also China, what about Oven of Middle East ! do you expect world leaders will do something by end of this year in UK COP26 ?