If you have an asset, how to manage it well to preserve and increase value? Bank deposits, financial management, trusts, funds? Ever wonder if Insurance investment could be an important option for our wealth management?
On November 10th, at the inauguration ceremony of the China Wealth Management Forum and the Chinese Wealth Management Research Institute of Peking University, Zhou Yanli, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and former vice chairman of the China Insurance Regulatory Commission, delivered a speech on the theme of “Insurance investment helps residents’ wealth management business development”, explaining the status of the insurance industry in wealth management. Functions and functions.
What is the current situation of wealth management in China?
With the rapid development of China’s economy, the scale of social and personal wealth has grown rapidly, the demand for wealth management has emerged, and the wealth management market has gradually taken shape, and has experienced the rapid growth of the personal wealth scale of residents in the past 20 years.
Zhou Yanli said that after more than 20 years of development, China has entered the ranks of middle-income countries from low-income countries and is moving towards middle- and high-income countries. Since the first stratification of customers by banks in 2002 and the emergence of wealth management business, domestic wealth management services have also gradually grown.
By the end of 2017, the wealth management market in China’s financial industry exceeded 160 trillion yuan, mainly managed by bank deposits and financial management, Insurance investment and asset management, trusts, public and private equity funds, securities asset management and third-party wealth management institutions.
Financial products cover bank financial management, stock investment funds, equity investment funds, bond investment funds, securities brokerage asset management plans, insurance asset management products, investment insurance, trusts, futures asset management, etc.
In recent years, China’s financial wealth management business is in a new stage of development. Various financial investment tools are emerging one after another, and investment channels are increasingly diversified, which has formed a diversified competition pattern.
How does insurance manage wealth?
The wealth management plan implemented by Insurance investment institutions is generally to meet the financial needs and insurance protection of customers. By designing comprehensive insurance product forms such as portfolios, insurance planning, financial management, etc., it provides professional financial management and insurance services to customers to ensure the property or personal safety of customers to achieve wealth preservation and increase. Value.
Specifically, there are several ways to manage insurance wealth:
First, family wealth management, insurance can provide family members with comprehensive wealth management plans such as health, pension, medical care, education, property preservation, wealth appreciation, etc.
The second is lifelong wealth management. Life insurance products such as term life insurance and life insurance can last for decades or even life, providing people with a full life cycle wealth management plan;
Third, intergenerational wealth management. Many life Insurance investment products enjoy tax preferences, which can realize intergenerational inheritance and seamless connection of wealth.
Insurance wealth management events
In 1999, Ping An Insurance launched the first investment-linked investment insurance.
In 2000, Pacific Insurance (601601, stock bar) launched the first universal insurance.
In 2002, Taikang launched its first banking and Insurance investment product to open the door to cooperation between banks and insurance.
In 2004, the first professional annuity insurance company Taiping Pension was established.
In the visible future, with the accumulation of residents’ wealth, the improvement of risk awareness and the growth of financial demand, insurance is still an indispensable and important role for residents in future wealth management planning.
What are the advantages of wealth management in the insurance industry?
Zhou Yanli said that at present, in China’s financial market, the wealth management of the Insurance investment industry has also been stimulated and promoted by other financial products. The large-scale growth is reflected in the rapid growth of the total asset scale and premium volume of the insurance industry, and the investment proportion of investment in the insurance investment field and capital market has been further liberalized, which promotes Insurance investment. Functions and roles in wealth management markets.
First, the insurance risk protection function realizes compensation for losses. In the process of wealth management, it is easy to focus on income only, ignore expenditure, focus on benefits, and ignore the risk of loss. The pursuit of wealth tends to be very uncertain, and losses often occur. As far as risk management is concerned, the risk protection function of insurance is an essential feature different from other financial products, avoiding huge loss of wealth and abnormal fluctuations, and is an effective wealth management tool.
Second, the long-term cyclical realization of insurance products to the continuation of wealth. Asset-liability matching is the management concept and principle of insurance institutions. Wealth management is fundamentally a kind of long-term management based on a cross-period perspective. This “period” refers to the complete life cycle and even intergenerational inheritance. The basic logic of insurance, especially life insurance, is also the dispersion and management of cash flow across time and space. From this perspective, insurance is naturally an effective tool for wealth management.
Third, insurance investment can play the role of “ballast” in wealth management. The debt attribute of insurance operation determines that insurance companies are more inclined to long-term investment and value investment in investment concepts, so as to penetrate the economic cycle, resist inflation, and achieve wealth preservation and appreciation. China’s Insurance Law also stipulates that the use of insurance funds must be stable and follow the principle of safety. From the perspective of practice, in recent years, insurance companies have adhered to the concept of steady, prudent and safe value investment, and the asset management ability has gradually improved. Adhering to the principles of efficiency and liquidity management, insurance institutions have effectively resisted and reduced the adverse impact of economic and cyclical fluctuations on the insurance industry, withstood the test of the complex financial and capital market environment, and achieved a good trend of income from the use of insurance funds (2015 to 2017 respectively) It is 7.56%, 5.66% and 5.77%). Insurance companies have become important institutional investors in the capital market and important participants in enterprise annuities and occupational annuities. We often say that insurance funds are the “stabilizer” of capital markets.
Zhou Yanli believes that in the field of wealth management, the participation of insurance companies can also play the role of ballast.
How does the insurance industry do a good job in wealth management?
First, it should be able to meet the wealth management needs of different levels of people.
Wealth planning, life planning and family planning provided by insurance can help customers analyze and plan their personal or family future by providing demand-oriented, advisory, low-cost risk protection products and wealth planning services, flexibly and efficiently manage life cycle risks, and meet personal wealth preservation and appreciation needs. Seek to prevent the financial risks of high net worth people and stabilize income expectations.
Second, we should expand the variety of financial products.
Insurance Asset Management Company is one of the few asset management institutions in China that can fully cover equity investment, fixed income, foreign exchange investment, industrial investment and other high-, low-risk business fields. In particular, the fixed-income investment ability should be leading in China. At the same time, the fixed-income investment profit model is also in line with the development trend of the wealth management industry.
Third, the innovation environment and innovation capacity should be continuously improved.
In recent years, in accordance with the requirements of Accelerating the Development of Modern Insurance Service Industry, or the Ten Articles of the New Country issued by the State Council in 2014, the insurance regulatory authorities have actively and steadily promoted the reform of the use of insurance funds. They have successively launched a series of new policies for insurance investment, expanded the channels for insurance funds, which is conducive to the diversification of insurance investment. Chemical and increased return on investment. At the same time, by promoting the establishment of innovation pilot zones and industrial parks, insurance companies are guided to increase product and service innovation. The environment of insurance innovation is increasingly optimized and the ability is constantly improving, providing a strong guarantee for the sustainable, stable and healthy development of the insurance industry.
Fourth, insurance products should be able to reasonably reduce the household tax burden.
China’s Tax Law stipulates that the death insurance paid for life insurance products is exempt from the beneficiary’s personal income tax, and the Individual Income Tax Law stipulates that the insurance is not included in the income tax payable. With the continuous improvement of the tax law and tax collection and management system, it is expected that more preferential tax policies will be introduced in the fields of pension and health in the future.
Zhou Yanli said that the wealth management business is an extremely large and potential “big cake”, which needs to be further explored. Therefore, we need to carefully cultivate this valuable market and strive to innovate product and service models for the wealth growth of Chinese residents.